Faculty: Department of Urban planning Theory and History of Architecture
Contact hours: 45h, 45h lectures, 0h seminars
Self-study hours: 45h, 45h practical training
Assessment: written examination
Year, semester, weekly workload: Year 2, semester 4, lectures 3.0h,
ECTS - 3
The history of architecture during that period is presented in four sections. Historical prerequisites for the phenomena in Asia Minor and the activities of the Syrian and Palestinian school of building when forming the new Christian church architecture and monastery plans, the early Christian architecture in the Eastern and Western Roman Empire on the Balkan Peninsula, in Italy and North Africa. Temples, monasteries, palaces, public and residential buildings and structures.Typologies, structures, architectural decoration.
The architecture of the Medieval Byzantine artistic style - the time of new ideas, whose beginning is rooted in the works of the Armenian and Georgian school. The architecture from VII - XIV period - Armenia, Georgia, Byzantium, the First and Second Bulgarian State, Wallachian and Moldavian, Serbia and Russia. Novelties in the the typology of church building. Temples,monasteries, palaces, residential buildings. Typologies, structures, architectural decorations. The origination of the Painting style in architecture as the Bulgarian contribution to Byzantine architecture.
The architecture of Medieval European Catholic architectural style - European barbarism period, monk- architects period, the Romanesque period and the beginning of the formation of architectural schools with ethnic identity in Europe, the Gothic period - time of European towns and their great masters. Temples, monasteries, palaces, residential architecture. Periodization, typology, structures, architectural artistic expression, characteristics of the Romanesque and Gothic architecture.
Architecture of the Medieval Islamic world - Central Asia and Iran as a source of Islamic architectural style - Central Asia, Persia, Afghanistan, the Arab Islamic Caliphate and the period of syncretism - the Asia Minor Arab world and the “Arabic” Egypt. Mauritanian architecture as European interpretation of Eastern Islamic building culture - Spain and the Caliphs of Maghreb. Architecture of the Islamic and Byzantine influence - the Seljuk Sultanate. Types of religious and utilitarian buildings and structures, typology and structures, materials, architectural artistic expression.