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University of Structural Engineering & Architecture
(VSU) "Lyuben Karavelov" - Sofia

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Degree program: Architecture, Curriculum 2014

Course: А-50 History of Balkan Architecture

Faculty: Department of Urban planning Theory and History of Architecture

Lecturers:
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Architect Marta Petrova - martatp@abv.bg

Contact hours: 30h, 30h lectures, 0h seminars

Self-study hours: 30h, 30h practical training

Assessment: written examination

Year, semester, weekly workload: Year 3, semester 6, lectures 2.0h,

ECTS - 2

Main topics: Ottoman architecture of the Middle Ages - the early Ottoman architecture - syncretism of the Armenian and Greek construction ideas with those of Syria-Iran-and-Middle Asia. Bulgarian builders are to be studied, as part of the Ottoman building practices. Architects and architectural ideas. Forming a new type of mosques - Bursenskiyat. "St. Sofia" and mosques of the "Golden Age" of the Ottoman architecture, Mimar Sinan and his followers. Ottoman public buildings, külliye (complex of buildings adjacent to a mosque), and menzilhane - a stopping-place. Caravansaray, inns, baths, arcades, clock towers, religious schools, water resources, imaret(soup kitchens), tekke(dervish lodges), bridges and aqueducts. Fortress construction (XIV-XVII C). Typology, structures, decorative systems. Painted ceramics as building decoration of the Ottoman Middle Ages. Muslim and Christian late medieval buildings of the medieval Bulgarian lands. Basic patterns of residential architecture of the Bulgarian lands - amfilada, chain and cross patterns. Orthodox churches and a monastery development architecture of the Middle Ages - Bulgarian lands, Greece, Albania, Serbia.

  • Europeanization of the Ottoman architecture - Infiltration of Western culture in the capital construction development. Lale Devri (Tulip Era) - period of initial mixing of European ideas with traditional medieval. Palaces and royal parks. Ottoman appearances of the European styles of baroque, the Empire style, classicism and eclecticism. Armenian, Greek and Bulgarian architects and craftsmen. Transferring the transformed European ideas from the capital to the Ottoman Balkan provinces.
  • Bulgarian Renaissance and Post Renaissance - Changes in the typology of the Christian homestead started around the middle of the seventeenth century. Fortress-houses from the northern Bulgarian lands and the Archontiko of the south - new rich buildings of XVII - XVIII C. The residences of the Ripe Revival, typology, architectural prototype, synthesis of arts. Development of functional schemes, an anfilada type, chain, cruciform, the occurrence of a saloon scheme. Changes in the typology and the architectural project of the Renaissance house. Unity of typological and architectural features in all Bulgarian ethnographic regions. Orthodox temple architecture - new typologies, structures and architectural prototype. Bulgarian Revival Architecture. Bulgarian Revival neo-stylistics - Baroque, Empire style, Neo-classical, Renaissance Revival, Neo-gothic. New types of public buildings, schools, towers, administrative Konak-s (beledie inns) bekleme-s. Changes in the older types of public buildings, inns, Maaz, clock towers, water supplies, bridges. Innovations in fortification construction. Places of building-schools of the Bulgarian Revival time, prominent architekton and grand master, and the areas of their activity on the Balkans, Asia Minor and North Africa. Something about the so called "Balkan architecture."

 

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