Faculty: Department of Urban planning Theory and History of Architecture
Contact hours: 30h, 30h lectures, 0h seminars
Self-study hours: 30h, 30h practical training
Assessment: written examination
Year, semester, weekly workload: Year 2, semester 4, lectures 2.0h,
ECTS - 2
History of Architecture related to that particular historical period looks into four main sections:
The period of transition from antique to medieval architecture – Historical preconditions for the occurrences in Asia Minor and the influence of the Syrian-Palestine School of Building for forming the new Christian temple architecture along with the monastery scheme development, early Christian architecture of Eastern and Western Roman Empires across the Balkan peninsula, across Italy and South Africa.Temples, monasteries, palaces, public and residential buildings, facilities.Types of typology, structures, and architectural decorations.
Architecture of the medieval Byzantine artistic-imagery circle – time of new ideas, the beginning of which lay in the influencing of the Armenia-Georgian school of building. Architecture of VІІ – ХІV centuries - Аrmenia and Georgia, Byzantine, First and Second Bulgarian kingdoms, Vlahia and Моldova, Serbia, Russia. New styles (trends) in the typologies of a temple construction.Temples, monasteries, palaces, residential buildings. Types of typology, structures, and architectural decorations. Origin of the Artistic style in Architecture, as the Bulgarian contribution to the Byzantine architecture.
Architecture of the medieval European Catholic architectural-imagery circle – time of European barbarism, time of the monk architects, Romanesque architecture and the beginning of forming of the national schools of architecture in Europe, Gothic – time of the European cities and their masters.Temples, monasteries, palaces, and residential buildings. Period of time, types of typology, structures, architectural-artistic language, national (ethnic) characteristics of the architecture of Romanesque and Gothic.
Architecture of the Medieval Islamic world – Middle Asia and Iran, as a source of the Islamic architectural vernacular – Middle Asia, Persia, Afghanistan. Аrab caliphate and the period of syncretism – Asia Minor Arab world and the "Arabic" Egypt. Moorish architecture as European interpretation of the eastern Islamic culture of building - caliphs of Spain and the Maghreb. Architecture of Islamic-Byzantine presence - Seldzhushkiya Sultanate. Types of religious and utilitarian buildings and facilities, construction typologies, materials architectural - artistic language.
Course assignment: Writing an essay on a theme chosen individually by each student, as it being part of the exam topics.