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University of Structural Engineering & Architecture
(VSU) "Lyuben Karavelov" - Sofia

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Degree program: Сivil Engineering and Architecture, Curriculum 2014

Course: САСС-46 History of Balkan Architecture

Faculty: Department of Urban planning Theory and History of Architecture

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Architect Marta Petrova -

Contact hours: 30h, 30h lectures, 0h seminars

Self-study hours: 30h, 30h practical training

Assessment: written examination

Year, semester, weekly workload: Year 3, semester 6, lectures 2.0h,

ECTS - 2

Main topics: Early Ottoman Architecture - syncretism of Armenian and Greek building ideas with Syrian, Iranian and Central Asian ones. Participation of Bulgarian builders in the Ottoman building practices. Architecture and architectural ideas. Formation of the new type of a mosque - Bursenski. Hagia Sofia and the mosques of the Golden Age of Ottoman architecture, Mimar Sinan and his followers. Ottoman public buildings. Clock towers, water sources, baths, bridges aqueducts, etc. Fortress building (XIV – XVII c.). Typology, structures, decorative systems. Painted ceramics as building decoration in Ottoman Middle Ages. Moslem and Christian Late Medieval residential architecture in Bulgarian lands. Fundamental plans of residential architecture in Bulgarian lands - enfilade, row, cross-plan. The Eastern Orthodox church architecture and monasteries of Late Middlle Ages  in the Bulgarian lands, Greece, Albania, Serbia.

European influence on Ottoman architecture - penetration of West European culture in the building practices of the capital. Lale Devri - the time of the initial blend of European ideas with the traditional Medieval ones. Palaces and palace gardens. The Ottoman exposure manifestation of European styles - Baroque, Empire style, Classicism and Eclectic style. Armenian, Greek and Bulgarian architects and master-builders. Transfer of transformed European ideas from the capital to the Ottoman Balkan provinces.

The Bulgarian National Revival - Changes in the type of Christian house from the middle of XVII century. The fortress housing in the northern Bulgarian lands and the archontiko in the southern - the new rich housing of XVII-XVIII century. The houses of  the fully-fledged Revival - typology, architectural image, synthesis of arts. Development of the functional systems - enfilade, row, cross-plan, advent of the lounge plan. Changes in the type and the architectural image of the Revival house. Continuity of the typology and architectural characteristics of all ethnographic Bulgarian regions. Eastern Orthodox architecture - new typology, structures, and architectural image. The Bulgarian Revival School of Architecture. Bulgarian Revival neo-stylistics, Baroque, Empire style, Neoclassicism, Neo- Renaissance, Neo-Gothic. The new types of public buildings - schools, belfries, town halls, sentry forts. Changes in the old type of public  building - inns, clock towers, water sources, bridges. Novelties in the fortification building. Bulgarian Revival building centres and outstanding architects and protomasters, areas of their work on the Balkan Peninsula, Asia Minor and North Africa. Comments concerning the so-called Balkan Architecture.

Course Assessment: An essay on the topic chosen by each student on questions of the examination syllabus.


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