International Conference
5-6 June 2014

Dear participants in VSU'2014,
Both the four volumes of Proceedings
and the Final Program
of conference have been prepared.
If you have any concerns about the distribution of your report, please contact.
Organising Committee of VSU'2014




On the second day of the Conference a trip for foreign participants to Tsari Mali Grad – the first and the only restored ancient Roman fortress in Bulgaria – shall be organized. It is located on the Hill of St. Spas over the village of Belchin along the ridge of the Verila Mountain near the town of Samokov.


The hill is also an integral part of the ancient history of the area. It is related to the great legends of an ancient settlement – until the nineteenth century the white stone walls and towers of a castle were partially preserved. They reminded locals of Constantinople and subsequently by the Little Constantinople has led to today's Tsari Mali Grad (The King`s Small Town).

Tsari Mali Grad is a sustainable, integrated and innovative tourist product, which is carried out with the financial support of the EU Operational Program “Regional Development” 2007-2013. The name of the project is “Restoration, conservation, socialization and exposure of a fortress with a church architectural ensemble”. The preserved fortress walls have served as a basis of recovery as well as the church ensemble, consisting of three churches of different ages constructed one over the other, and all of them built on an ancient Thracian sanctuary. The project started in 2007 with archaeological research on the Hill of St. Spas. The remains of a Roman Fortress with military-security features were shown during the early excavations, the construction of which had been started during the reign of Emperor Valens (364-378 A.D.). The location had been chosen because of the ability to monitor the valley and to protect its western part.

Various fortification structures (towers, gates and walls) have been researched and documented, set around and adjacent to the fortress wall as well as remains of cultural layers from the life inside the object. Later the castle gradually became a fortified settlement.

The village grew because of the mineral springs, mineral deposits of magnetite sand in the whole region and the strategic crossroads of two ancient roads.

As a result of a huge work of architects and civil engineers the fortress was completed in 2013. Today it represents a unique cultural and historical value, significant both for Bulgaria and Europe.

More information can be found on the website http://www.carimaligrad.com/. You can also view the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAEIZJ73LDs.

Note: The trip is not included into the participation fee of Bulgarian participants.